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Exploring Nepal’s Natural Treasures Beyond Shilajit

Nepal’s rich cultural tapestry goes far beyond its lively festivals, time-honored rituals, and historic landmarks. It’s deeply connected to the profound mysteries hidden within its landscapes, particularly the mysterious substance called Shilajit.

Nepal is the largest hub of natural substances, ingredients,spices, and herbs, celebrated for their significant impact on health and well-being. In this remarkable country, Shilajit is just one of the remarkable natural substances deserving our admiration for its powerful qualities.

Nepal is home to a variety of lesser-known natural treasures, each with its own unique secrets, eagerly awaiting discovery by the world.

Nepal’s Natural Substances(Treasures)

It’s surprising how most of the Nepali spices are not popular all over the world. Not only do they have an enigmatic aaura,but also powerful health benefits. Here are some Nepalese natural ingredients that deserve the limelight:

  • Yarsagumba 
  • Black Cardamom
  • Mad Honey 
  • Cinnamon
  • Schezwan Pepper(Timur)
  • Ginger
  • Thyme Seeds 
  • Turmeric


Yarsagumba, scientifically known as Ophiocordyceps sinensis, is a unique combination of a parasitic fungus and a caterpillar. It thrives at high altitudes in the Himalayan regions of Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan, and parts of India. 

The fungus invades and mummifies the larvae of the Himalayan ghost moth, eventually giving rise to a mushroom-like stalk that emerges from the caterpillar’s head. This peculiar symbiotic relationship results in a rare and valuable natural resource.

Yarsagumba Benefits 

  • Rich in anti-aging components, benefiting skin and hair. 
  • Protects skin from free radicals. 
  • Enhances collagen production, improving the skin’s elasticity and firmness. 
  • Boosts the immune system, reducing infection and inflammation risks. 
  • Aids in combating illnesses like arthritis and asthma. 
  • Promotes cardiovascular health. 
  • Regulates blood sugar levels. 
  • Enhances brain function. 
  • Improves blood flow to the brain, enhancing concentration, memory, and cognitive function.
  • In some cases, it is used by patients undergoing radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or deficiency syndromes.

Side Effects 

Caution is needed in specific circumstances:

  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Surgical procedures 

Potential Mild Side Effects

  • Diarrhea 
  • Constipation 
  • Abdominal discomfort

Mad Honey 

Mad honey, also known as grayanotoxin honey, is not your typical jar of sweet nectar. Bees from the nectar of rhododendron flowers, which grow in Lamjung district of Nepal,

The magic, or perhaps madness, of this honey lies in its chemical composition. These flowers contain grayanotoxins, compounds that can lead to a series of intriguing and sometimes alarming effects when consumed in significant quantities.

It is popular for its psychedelic effects that can alter your understanding of being and keep you chilled and energetic.

Mad Honey Benefits

Immunity Enhancement
  • Rich in antioxidants that boost the immune system. 
  • Reduces cell damage, lowering disease vulnerability. 
  • Contains vitamin C for detoxification and health benefits. 
Improved Gut Health
  • Acts as a probiotic, aiding digestion and reducing bloating. 
  • Supports gut flora for smoother digestion. 
  • Enzymes help break down complex carbohydrates. 
  • Contains methylglyoxal, addressing gut infections. 
Skin Care
  • It tightens and smooths the skin. 
  • Combats aging with antioxidants and vitamin C.
  • It moisturizes dry skin and acts as a gentle exfoliator for skin issues like acne and sunburn. It can be used as a lip and body scrub for a refreshed look. 
Weight Management
  • Provides energy with carbohydrates and protein. 
  • Contains essential nutrients for immune function. 
  • Consuming honey before sleep may support weight loss. 
  • Various honey-based drinks for weight loss
Low Glycemic Index
  • Suitable sugar alternative for diabetics. 
  • A natural sweetener without refined sugars
  • Ideal for those conscious of their sugar intake.
Mood Enhancement
  • Acts as a mood booster, thanks to carbohydrates.
  • Grayanotoxin induces relaxation and creativity.
  • Enhances mental clarity and creativity.
Cardiovascular Health
  • Small amounts benefit heart health.
  • Antioxidants help regulate cholesterol levels.
  • Reduces the risk of heart injuries and lung congestion.
Wound Healing
  • Possesses antiseptic properties for wound healing.
  • Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial properties.
  • Can be used as a wound dressing for rapid healing.

Black Cardamom(Alaichi)

Black cardamom, also known as “Amomum subulatum,” is a spice that exudes a distinctive smoky and earthy aroma, setting it apart from its more commonly used green cardamom counterpart. 

What makes black cardamom distinctive is its smoky, resinous, and earthy flavor. When you crack open the pods, they release an intense, almost campfire-like aroma. 

The seeds inside each pod carry a subtle sweetness that perfectly complements the prominent smokiness. This unique blend of flavors elevates black cardamom to a coveted ingredient, ideal for adding depth and complexity to a range of dishes.

Black cardamom is a versatile spice well-loved in many cuisines around the world. It’s a key component in spice blends such as Indian garam masala and Chinese five-spice powder. 

It can be used in both savory and sweet dishes, adding a warm, smoky note to soups, stews, curries, and rice dishes. In some regions, it’s even used to flavor teas and desserts. The smokiness it imparts can transform a dish from ordinary to extraordinary.

Black Cardamom (Alaichi) Benefits 

  • Digestive Aid: Black cardamom’s carminative properties can alleviate indigestion and bloating. 
  • Respiratory Health: It might assist in managing respiratory conditions like coughs and bronchitis. 
  • Oral Health: Black cardamom is believed to combat bad breath and promote oral hygiene. 
  • Antioxidant Power: It contains antioxidants that help protect cells from damage. 
  • Anti-inflammatory: It may have anti-inflammatory properties that aid in reducing inflammation. 
  • Heart Health: Some studies suggest it supports cardiovascular health by helping manage blood pressure. 
  • Gastrointestinal Health: Black cardamom can help soothe stomach ulcers and other gastrointestinal issues. 
  • Diuretic Effects: It acts as a diuretic, promoting the elimination of excess water and toxins.
  • Detoxification: Black cardamom supports the body’s detoxification processes. 
  • Aromatic Flavors: Its smoky, earthy flavor adds depth and complexity to culinary dishes.

Cinnamon (Dalchini)

Nepal’s cinnamon, known as “Dalchini” in the local language, is derived from the bark of the Cinnamomum tamala tree. This native species of cinnamon is primarily found in the hilly and subtropical regions of the country. 

The bark is carefully harvested, dried, and rolled into distinctive quills that are not only flavorful but also visually appealing.

Cinnamon is known for its deep and robust flavor. It combines a sweet and slightly spicy taste with woody undertones, making it a versatile spice that adds depth and warmth to various culinary creations. The aromatic quality of cinnamon is what makes it highly sought after in both sweet and savory dishes.

Cinnamon is a common ingredient in many Nepali dishes. It’s frequently used in traditional dishes like “yak meat curry” and “masu bhat” (meat and rice).

In sweet preparations, such as “sel roti” (rice-based doughnuts) and “kheer” (rice pudding), cinnamon imparts its unmistakable warmth and fragrance. The spice is also used in teas and herbal infusions, providing a comforting and soothing element to the daily routine.

Cinnamon (Dalchini) Benefits 

  • Blood Sugar Regulation: Cinnamon may help regulate blood sugar levels, making it valuable for those with diabetes. 
  • Antioxidant Power: Cinnamon is rich in antioxidants, which protect against cell damage. 
  • Anti-Inflammatory Effects: It has anti-inflammatory properties that may alleviate conditions like arthritis. 
  • Heart Health: Cinnamon can improve cholesterol levels and lower blood pressure, benefiting cardiovascular health. 
  • Cognitive Function: Some studies suggest that cinnamon may enhance memory and protect against cognitive decline. 
  • Antimicrobial Properties: Cinnamon can combat infections, making it a natural remedy for various ailments. 
  • Digestive Aid: It aids digestion by reducing stomach discomfort and gas. 
  • Weight Management: Cinnamon may help control cravings and assist with weight management.
  • Skin Health: Cinnamon’s antimicrobial properties can benefit skin conditions like acne and eczema. 
  • Dental Health: Its antibacterial properties can improve oral health and combat bad breath.

Schezwan Pepper (Timur)

Timmur, a unique spice, grows wild in the mid-hills of Nepal and extends its presence beyond the Nepali borders. It can be found in Northeastern India, Yunnan, and even as far as Northern Thailand, although the variety there may have a citrusy twist. 

In Nepal, particularly in the hilly and mountainous regions, timmur plays a significant role in flavoring achaar, a popular condiment. To prepare this achaar, timmur is gently roasted in a pan, ground, and then combined with salt, chilies, garlic, and roasted tomatoes, creating a beloved and zesty Nepali dish.

Schezwan Pepper (Timur) Benefits 

  • Digestive Aid: Schezwan pepper is known for its digestive properties. It can help stimulate the digestive system, reduce flatulence, and alleviate symptoms of indigestion. In Nepali cuisine, it is often used in traditional dishes to enhance digestion. 
  • Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties: Schezwan pepper contains compounds that may have antibacterial and antifungal properties. This can be helpful in maintaining overall gut health and reducing the risk of infections. 
  • Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Schezwan pepper has anti-inflammatory properties. This can be beneficial in reducing inflammation-related discomfort and conditions. 
  • Rich in Antioxidants: Like many spices, Schezwan pepper is rich in antioxidants, which can help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. Antioxidants are known to have potential health benefits, including reducing the risk of chronic diseases. 
  • Nerve Soothing: Schezwan pepper has a unique tingling and numbing effect on the mouth, which is due to the compound hydroxy-alpha sanshool. This effect is believed to have a calming influence on the nerves and can be used to reduce toothaches or other minor discomforts.
  • Respiratory Benefits: In traditional medicine, Schezwan pepper is sometimes used to relieve symptoms of coughs and colds. Its numbing properties can help soothe a sore throat, and it may have decongestant effects. 
  • Appetite Stimulation: Schezwan pepper is known for its ability to stimulate the appetite. This can be particularly helpful for individuals who have a reduced or suppressed appetite.

Thyme Seeds (Jwano)

Thyme seed, locally referred to as “jwano,” is highly regarded for its nutritional value and health benefits in Nepal. It is deeply ingrained in Nepali traditions, particularly in the care of pregnant women during their post-pregnancy period, as well as for children, individuals battling colds, and those weakened by illness. 

 In Nepalese households, especially during the winter season or when there is an expecting mother, Jwano ko jhol is a prevalent and cherished recipe. This soup not only provides warmth and comfort but is also renowned for its ability to aid in digestion and alleviate stomachaches. 

Furthermore, it is considered effective in relieving menstrual discomfort when consumed with hot water. The recommended method is to chew the thyme seeds first and then drink the lukewarm water. Beyond its use in soups, thyme seed holds a prominent place in Nepali cuisine as one of the most commonly used spices when preparing various vegetable dishes.

Thyme Seeds (Jwano) Benefits 

  • Thyme seeds, also known as jwano in Nepal, have been found to have potential benefits in fighting acne. 
  • Some studies suggest that jwano may aid in lowering blood pressure. 
  • Jwano is known for helping to alleviate cough and respiratory discomfort. 
  • Thyme seeds’ antioxidant content may contribute to boosting immunity. 
  • The spice is effective in repelling pests due to its aroma. 
  • Jwano is often used in aromatherapy for relaxation and stress relief. It has mood-boosting effects, making it a valuable addition to cuisine. 
  • The spice has culinary uses, adding a unique flavor to dishes.
  • It is believed to have properties that help prevent bacterial infections. 
  • Jwano is sometimes used to treat yeast infections.
  •  It may have potential benefits against certain types of cancer.


Ginger thrives in Nepal’s fertile and hilly terrain. It is meticulously cultivated and harvested throughout the year. The ginger root, with its knobby appearance and robust aroma, is a testament to Nepal’s dedication to producing this spice of exceptional quality.]

Nepali ginger is revered for its pungent and zesty flavor. It carries a warm, slightly spicy, and citrusy note, making it a favorite among chefs and home cooks. The fragrance of ginger adds depth and character to a wide range of dishes, from curries to chutneys and tea. 

Ginger is an indispensable ingredient in Nepali cuisine. It elevates the flavors of traditional dishes like “gundruk” soup, “momos” (dumplings), and “achaar” (pickles). 

Its versatility extends to soothing ginger teas, which provide comfort and warmth, especially in the cool mountain regions. Ginger’s ability to balance and enhance flavors makes it a culinary gem in Nepal. 

Ginger(Aduwa) Benefits

  • Digestive Aid: Ginger has long been used to relieve digestive discomfort, including nausea, indigestion, and bloating.
  • Anti-Inflammatory Properties: Ginger contains potent anti-inflammatory compounds that can reduce inflammation and pain. It may be beneficial for conditions like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. 
  • Immune System Support: The high levels of antioxidants in ginger can help strengthen the immune system. It may assist in warding off infections and common colds. 
  • Nausea Relief: Ginger is known for its antiemetic properties, which make it effective against nausea and vomiting. It is often recommended for chemotherapy-induced nausea and morning sickness. It can help with motion sickness and morning sickness during pregnancy.
  •  Weight Management: Ginger may aid in weight management by promoting feelings of fullness and boosting metabolism. 
  • Antibacterial and Antiviral Effects: Ginger possesses natural antibacterial and antiviral properties, helping the body defend against infections
  • Gastrointestinal Relief: It can soothe gastrointestinal irritation, making it helpful for conditions like acid reflux and gastritis.


Ground turmeric, locally known as “besar,” and its fresher counterpart, “haledo,” serve as the backbone of Nepali culinary artistry. This member of the ginger family boasts a rhizome, resembling fresh ginger at a glance, yet distinguished by its short, rounded, finger-like stems adorned with a rich, radiant orange hue. 

In Nepali kitchens, the presence of turmeric, whether in its ground or fresh form, is synonymous with culinary excellence and the infusion of a distinctive warmth and vitality that elevates each dish it graces.

Turmeric(Besar) Benefits 

  • Turmeric helps reduce inflammation in the body, which can ease conditions like arthritis.
  • Turmeric can relieve headaches, muscle aches, and joint pain.
  • It aids digestion and eases indigestion and bloating.
  • Turmeric can reduce redness, acne, and signs of aging when used on the skin. 
  • It helps regulate fat metabolism and reduces fat tissue growth.
  • Turmeric boosts the immune system, helping fight infections and illnesses. 
  • Turmeric can alleviate skin issues like psoriasis and eczema due to its anti-inflammatory properties.

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